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Classification and forming process of stamping elbow

2021-07-15 09:07:47

 Classification of stamping elbows :

There are two types of stamping elbows : cold stamping and hot stamping. Cold stamping or hot stamping is usually selected according to material properties and equipment capabilities. The forming process of the cold extrusion elbow is to use a special elbow forming machine to put the tube blank into the outer mold. After the upper and lower molds are closed, under the push of the push rod, the tube blank is reserved along the inner and outer molds The gap movement completes the forming process. The elbow manufactured by the cold extrusion process of the inner and outer molds has beautiful appearance, uniform wall thickness and small size deviation. Therefore, this process is often used for the forming of stainless steel elbows, especially thin-walled stainless steel elbows. The precision requirements of the inner and outer molds used in this process are high; the requirements for the wall thickness deviation of the tube blank are also strict.

The stamping and forming process of the elbow :

Stamping forming elbow is the earliest forming process used in mass production of seamless elbows . It has been replaced by hot push or other forming processes in the production of commonly used elbows. Less, the wall thickness is too thick or too thin. The product is still in use when there are special requirements. The stamping and forming of the elbow adopts a tube blank with the same outer diameter as that of the elbow, and is directly pressed into a mold by a press. Before punching, the tube blank is placed on the lower mold, the inner core and the end mold are loaded into the tube blank, the upper mold moves downwards to start pressing, and the elbow is formed by the restraint of the outer mold and the support of the inner mold.

Compared with the hot push process, the appearance quality of stamping forming is not as good as the former; the outer arc of the stamping elbow is in a stretched state during forming, and there is no excess metal in other parts to compensate, so the wall thickness at the outer arc is reduced by about 10% . However, due to the characteristics of being suitable for single-piece production and low cost, the stamping elbow process is mostly used for the manufacture of small batches and thick-walled elbows.

The pressure resistance of the stamping elbow is very good. However, due to various factors, the actual wall thickness of the floor heating pipe is usually 3, and all kinds of pipes can meet the requirements of floor heating under this wall thickness. The pressure resistance advantage of the national standard stamped elbow pipe cannot be reflected; the thermal conductivity: Pipes for floor heating need to have good thermal conductivity, low-temperature thermal shock resistance and low-temperature impact resistance. Tube blanks are not needed as raw materials, the cost of tube-making equipment and molds can be saved, and elbows with any large diameter and relatively thin wall thickness can be obtained.

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